Negative situations involving trauma alter the living model of any person. If these traumatic situations we live as children, our development of personality and our cognitive processes can be affected. When we are young we are more helpless because we do not have the strategies that an adult has to face problems and we do not have the capacity to handle and express emotions.
Therefore, when a traumatic experience occurs in infancy, it will affect the formation of the child’s personality by drawing deeply and accompanying him throughout his life. Can we do something for the parents? How can we help the child overcome a trauma?
Causes of the onset of some childhood trauma
When an event alters the routine of the child can become a negative experience and great emotional impact because when the daily habits of small children are altered for them it is as if everyone they know no longer makes sense.
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How can parents help the child overcome a trauma?
Situations that may give rise to trauma may be. For example separation or divorce from parents, living in an unsafe environment, such as within a family where abuse, illness, etc. is experienced.
These kinds of experiences create high stress and insecurities. And it can be due to different reasons like:
- Not being prepared to leave the situation that is presented to you, either because it is not the moment, or because you are experiencing other types of situations that create problems at the same time.
- Have the feeling of not being able to face the situation and feel weak. He feels that everything surpasses him.
- You have suffered a threat from someone and you do not feel safe or protected.
What symptoms indicate that the child may have a trauma
It is very likely that throughout their childhood parents see that their children behave in such a way that they understand. If this way of acting of the children lasts a short time it is not necessary to give it so much importance. The problem occurs if it is repeated and several of the following symptoms occur frequently.
In this case, you should seek the help of a professional if:
- He is sad and not wanting anything.
- He is anxious and nervous.
- He has difficulty concentrating.
- Continual changes in mood and irritability.
- The child has nightmares or difficulties in sleep.
- Live with continuous fear.
How we can help the child overcome a trauma
It may happen that those who the adults think a traumatic situation is not and that the child’s reaction to the situation is unbalanced. It should be taken into account that children understand their environment differently from older ones and that the most important thing is for the adults who accompany the children in their development to know how to validate children’s emotions even if they do not seem logical because they are real.
It is true that many times children do not know how to express what is happening to them, they do not know how to ask for help. Therefore, it is advisable to keep in mind and facilitate, as far as possible, the environment that is most comfortable for the child and that can be expressed.
Things we can do to help the child overcome a trauma:
- Serve as an example. Children learn by observation and imitation to deal with things. Parents are the main model and can create situations in which the child observes behaviors or strategies to deal with a problem.
- Value the positive skills and achievements of the little ones. The child will gain in safety and can fight against the fear of rejection that is one of the most common traumas that occur during childhood.
- It is important for the child to feel loved and listened to. It is essential that the child’s environment work in a good bond of attachment. Thanks to this it will be possible to fight another very common trauma that is the fear of abandonment.
- Teach the child to forgive, to be sure of himself. Thanks to this, the resentment is separated from the child’s life and there is no reason for the child to develop defense mechanisms that prevent him from interacting with others.