Cervicitis is the generic name of an inflammation of the cervix or cervix and usually occurs as a result of an infection that can be acquired by different means. One of them is having sex with a person who has a sexually transmitted disease (STD): Chlamydia infection, gonorrhea, genital herpes, papillomavirus, trichomoniasis, etc.
An infection can also occur as a result of the presence of forgotten tampons, intrauterine devices or vaginal cones that have been properly cleaned before being used in the vagina. However, cervicitis is not always of infectious origin and may be due to the use of spermicides, to an allergic reaction to latex from condoms or to contact with a chemical.
Causes & Risk Factors Of Cervicitis
Taking this into account, it is important that cervicitis can be prevented in most cases if the following risk factors are considered:
- Vaginal showers favor infections.
- Having sex with different partners without proper protection significantly increases the risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection.
- Have a history of sexually transmitted diseases.
- If the partner has a sexually transmitted infection, sexual abstinence must be practiced until it has not been treated.
After the menopause, the fall in the production of estrogenic favors the infections of the genitourinary system.
Symptoms of cervicitis
In some cases, cervicitis may not present any symptoms, although it is common for at least one of the following:
- Bleeding during or after intercourse.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding during menstruation.
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause.
- Increased vaginal discharge (leucorrhoea) that persists and has an abnormal coloration (gray, white or yellowish) or a strong odor.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Vaginal pain.
- The sensation of pressure in the pelvis.
- Itching or burning sensation.
Other symptoms not visible but that can be identified in a gynecological examination are the redness of the cervix and the inflammation of the vaginal walls. It must be taken into account that cervicitis occasionally originates from the presence of bacterial vaginosis.
Treatment of cervicitis
When the origin of the cervicitis is infectious the treatment will depend on the microorganism that has caused the infection, being able to be used antibiotics, antivirals or antifungals. This will require a culture to identify the pathogen that has caused it and start treatment as soon as possible, as there is a risk that the infection can become complicated, extending to the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries or cause disease Pelvic inflammatory disease and, as a consequence, infertility problems.
One aspect to be taken into account is that age is a risk factor associated with cervicitis, due to the loss of protection offered by estrogens, so that sometimes treatment can contemplate the use of female hormones.
There is a possibility that cervicitis may become chronic when none of the treatments have been tried. In this case, it is possible to use other techniques such as cryotherapy (tissue freezing), electrocauterization or laser cauterization.