Indications to give an adequate management to the annoying symptoms of the rhinosinusitis and to avoid major complications.
Rhinosinusitis accurately names an infectious involvement of the sinuses involving the nose. Nasal obstruction and nasal discharge or rhinorrhea are the symptoms that people consult most often. A headache is the least common.
Causes of Rhinosinusitis
- The small hairs in the paranasal sinuses, which help to remove mucus, do not function properly due to some condition.
- Colds and allergies can cause the production of too much mucus or block the opening of the sinuses.
- A deviated nasal septum or nasal polyps may block the opening of the sinuses.
- In what cases is there a bacterial rhinosinusitis?
- When the symptoms last more than ten days.
- When the symptomatology is severe: high fever (39 ºC), severe pain and purulent discharge that lasts three or four days.
- When once the symptomatology passes, five or six days later the person feels worse.
- Acute rhinosinusitis.
Symptoms last less than three months
Treatment: Most cases have an excellent prognosis when the doctor is consulted promptly, and recommendations are followed. Sometimes a treatment with antibiotics and nasal swabs is indicated to disinflame.
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Symptoms remain for more than three months.
Treatment: The doctor should look for what predisposes it. If after the diagnosis and treatment there is no improvement, surgery is considered.
“It is worth noting that in the medical field, rhinosinusitis is a disease of medical management, not surgical.” Gloria otolaryngologist.
Prevention and management
It increases the consumption of fluids during the flu; this helps to make the mucus more fluid and clearer.
Do nasal washes with saline solution to remove the nose.
In the case of acute rhinosinusitis, the pool may worsen symptoms because chlorine is a nasal irritant and the pressure exerted by the water on the sinuses in each dive can be counterproductive.
If you have rhinosinusitis, it is not recommended to travel by plane because the atmospheric pressure exacerbates the symptoms or causes the flu to become sinusitis. Consult your doctor before an important trip.
According to the Guidelines for the Clinical Management of Acute Rhinosinusitis at the University of Michigan:
5% of the visits to general medicine are due to acute rhinosinusitis.
5 out of 1,000 ends up in bacterial rhinosinusitis
Abuse of antibiotics. It is one of the significant medical problems because it creates resistant bacteria. The virus is the cause of the flu, so the use of antibiotics is not required, it is a general error when people self-medicate. There is an increasing tendency to start anti-inflammatory treatments rather than antibiotics.