If you are always tired and feel joint and headache without cause or solution, you may have Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
What is CFS
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a complex disorder in which a person has felt a sore throat or joint pain for a long time.
Contrary to the fatigue that accompanies most pathologies, from a common cold to heart conditions or cancer. Even those who are feeling emotional or mental disorders that can be diagnosed and treated. CFS has no clear explanation and does not exist A particular test to typify it.
Its diagnosis is not easy; the person must have at least 4 of the nine symptoms that diagnosed it.
The symptoms of CFS
- Fatigue without apparent cause for more than six months.
- Loss of memory or difficulty concentrating.
- A sore throat.
- The inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck and armpits.
- Muscle pain.
- Irregular joint pain, changing and without inflammation or redness.
- New onset headache.
- Not restorative sleep.
- Extreme exhaustion lasting more than 24 hours after physical or mental exercise. There is no recovery.
Disturbances that cause tiredness
1. Sleep disorders (difficulties in falling asleep, interrupted sleep and unrefreshing sleep).
The consumption of toxic substances such as caffeine or energy drinks before bedtime.
Lack of sleep hygiene. Having habits that do not allow rest such as going to bed late or taking work home.
Sleep apnea. The person stops breathing for seconds. It causes them to wake up. It can be associated with problems of obesity or physiological changes such as very short or too thick necks.
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2. Metabolic and hormonal disorders
Hypothyroidism. It reduces the thyroid function, and there is less production of the thyroid hormone. Thus, reducing the metabolism and altering the muscular functioning.
Vitamin D deficiency is widespread. It generates muscle weakness, hypotonia, and pain when moving.
B complex deficiency.
Lack of iron/anemia. It is related more to difficulty breathing, unconsciousness.
3. Rheumatological diseases
Fibromyalgia. Characterized by points of pain, trigger points and fatigue.
4. Mental Illnesses
What causes this syndrome?
Although the causes are unknown and there is no treatment to cure it. There are some theories but without conclusive evidence:
- It appears in people who are susceptible to this disorder after suffering from viral infections such as Epstein-Barr, mononucleosis or herpes.
- It is due to an autoimmune problem.
- It causes a hormonal imbalance due to problems in the pituitary.
- It is the family doctor who must diagnose and define the management of the pathology. Even often requiring the participation of specialists for procedures of specific symptoms such as psychotherapy, pain management or sleep disorders.
Alternatives for Managing and Controlling CFS Symptoms
Against fatigue: Avoid heavy exercise, recovery is difficult. Antidepressant medications are also used because of their ‘activating’ effect.
Against pain: A specialist usually intervenes to direct the treatment to each particular suffering (head, joint or other).
In the cognitive: Work with psychotherapy concentration, attention and memory and develop strategies to help you coexist with this condition.
Sleep and rest properly: Develop good sleep hygiene, avoid substances such as caffeine. Do not eat heavy foods near bedtime, among others.
Practicing yoga is a recommended activity. It seeks mind-body balance, promotes healthy oxygenation, joint flexibilization and muscle firming up.
Although there is no cure for CFS, moderate physical activity is helpful.